Welcome to our Archives page. On this page you will find a total of 44 of our articles broken down into Months and Years.

Events in Time Anniversaries: December 2020

25 years ago: December 1995 S&P 500: 615.93 (vs. 3694.62 in 12/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 5.58% (vs. 0.92% in 12/2020) Gold: $387.00 (vs. $1831.15 in 12/2020) Oil: $19.54 (vs. read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: November 2020

25 years ago: November 1995 S&P 500: 605.37 (vs. 3550.50 in 11/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 5.76% (vs. 0.96% in 11/2020) Gold: $387.80 (vs. $1940.80 in 11/2020) Oil: $18.255 (vs. ... read more..

Regional Stock Markets in the United States

Today there are only two stock exchanges in the United States, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the NASDAQ.  The NYSE Amex LLC is owned by the NYSE.  This wasn’t the case 225 years ago... read more..

Another Sign of an Overvalued Market?

The United States stock market has broken to new highs in January 2020, continuing a bull market that began in March 2009.  The S&P 500 has risen 382% since March 2009 and is approaching the ... read more..

Argentina: The Ever-Emerging Market

Argentina is one of the most interesting countries among emerging markets. Argentina was one of the ten richest countries in the world in the 1920s, but now doesn’t even make the top 50. Argentina was... read more..

A New Index of the American Stock Exchange

The AMEX has generally been ignored by investors, but this article attempts to redress that neglect. The American Stock Exchange has been a secondary exchange for stocks that were unable or unwilli... read more..

Wars and Financial Panics: Global Bear Markets in the Twentieth Century

This is the third in a series of blogs we are writing about global bear markets that have occurred over the past 400 years.  Global Financial Data has calculated a World Stock Index that covers equiti... read more..

The Century of War: Bear Markets in the 1700s

GFD has calculated a global index of stocks that begins in 1602 and continues until the present. With this index, we can track the changes in global stock markets over the past 400 years. In particula... read more..

Paul Volcker, the Man Who Changed the Equity Risk Premium

On December 9, Paul Volcker, who served as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank from 1979 to 1987, died at the age of 92.  Paul Volcker changed the shape of the economy and of financial markets.   T... read more..

Investors and the French Revolution

Most people know the basic story of the French Revolution.  France’s aid to the United States indebted the nation leading to new taxes that fed a revolt against the king and the aristocracy. The Estat... read more..

Government Bond Yields and Returns in the 2020s

The 2020s have begun.  During the 2010s, the fixed-income market has done things no one would have predicted when the 2010s began ten years ago.  The most important feature of the past decade has been... read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: May 2019

25 years ago: May 1994S&P 500: 456.50 (vs. 2881.40 in 05/2019)10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 7.17% (vs. 2.47% in 05/2019)Gold: $387.60 (vs. $1287.10 in 05/2019)Oil: $18.295 (vs. $61.65 in 05/... read more..

Global Financial Data Adds Data on Warren Buffett’s Favorite indicator

Co-Authored by Michelle Kangas & Dr. Bryan Taylor   Warrant Buffett once said that the stock market capitalization to GDP Ratio (MC/GDP) is “probably the best measure of where valuations stand a... read more..

Global Financial Data Adds Government Debt/GDP Ratio Data

Global Financial Data has added over 600 files to its database that provide data on government revenues, government expenditures, the primary balance, interest paid on public debt and the amount of ou... read more..

Global Financial Data Adds New Money Supply Files

Global Financial Data has added 50 new Money Supply files. With these additions, the GFDatabase now includes data on the Money Supply from over 100 countries. You can find these files by going to GFD’... read more..

GFD Finaeon Release Notes: May 17, 2019

GFD had minor release to our live site and data set on 5/17/2019. See below for details on the changes 1. GFD did our annual review and went back to the data published on central bank websites to com... read more..

The COVID Decade

Everyone hates Covid-19 and the way it has disrupted our lives.  The Covid pandemic has shut down the world and led to the layoff of millions of workers.  Unemployment has soared, GDP has de... read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: October 2020

25 years ago: October 1995 S&P 500: 581.5 (vs. 3446.83 in 10/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.03% (vs. 0.78% in 10/2020) Gold: $382.65 (vs. $1887.45 in 10/2020) Oil: $17.635 (vs. read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: September 2020

25 years ago: September 1995 S&P 500: 584.42 (vs. 3401.2 in 09/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.17% (vs. 0.68% in 09/2020) Gold: $384 (vs. $1949.35 in 09/2020) Oil: $17.54 (vs. $3 read more..

Building a New Bull

The S&P 500 reached new highs last week causing some analysts to call this the fastest recovery from a bear market in history; however, this shows that many analysts are not looking at the whole p... read more..

Goodbye to a Legacy: Exxon Mobil

Goodbye to an Original DJIA MemberExxonMobil had been in the DJIA longer than any other stock, having been added on October 1, 1928.  S&P Dow Jones announced its reorganization of the Dow Jones... read more..

The Dow Jones Transport Average

The Dow Jones Transportation Average has been calculated on a real-time basis longer than any stock market index in the world. The Dow Jones Transportation Average has been calculated on a real-tim... read more..

When is the Best Time to Invest in the Stock Market?

Two people who tried to answer this question were Yale Hirsch and David Schwartz.  Both of them made an extensive analysis of temporal patterns in the stock market to determine whether you were b... read more..

The Dow Jones Industrial Average: The Blue Chip Index Beats The S&P 500

  The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is one of the three key indices that are used to follow the United States Stock Market.  Although it includes only 30 stocks and is an average of stock prices... read more..

The Worst March in History!

  Not only did the Covid Crisis send stocks tumbling in March throughout the world, but it also created some of the worst monthly performances for the month of March in stock market history.  It is ve... read more..

Stocks Bounce Back in the Second Quarter

  So far the coronavirus has given investors a wild ride during the first half of the year.  Virtually every stock market in the world declined in value during the first quarter of 2020 and read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: August 2020

  25 years ago: August 1995 S&P 500: 561.88 (vs. 3351.28 in 08/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.28% (vs. 0.57% in 08/2020) Gold: $382.35 (vs. $2067.15 in 08/2020) Oil: $17.895 (vs. $41.... read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: July 2020

25 years ago: July 1995 S&P 500: 562.06 (vs. 3185.04 in 07/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.45% (vs. 0.64% in 07/2020) Gold: $383.35 (vs. $1803.10 in 07/2020) Oil: $17.555 (vs. $4 read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: June 2020

25 years ago: June 1995 S&P 500: 544.75 (vs. 3066.59 in 06/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.21% (vs. 0.71% in 06/2020) Gold: $387.05 (vs. $1710.45 in 06/2020) Oil: $17.375 (vs. $3 read more..

Events in Time Anniversaries: May 2020

Events in Time Anniversaries: May 2020 25 years ago: May 1995 S&P 500: 533.40 (vs. 3044.31 in 05/2020) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.30% (vs. 0.65% in 05/2020) Gold: $384.30 (vs. $1728 read more..

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Our comprehensive financial databases span global markets offering data never compiled into an electronic format. We create and generate our own proprietary data series while we continue to investigate new sources and extend existing series whenever possible. GFD supports full data transparency to enable our users to verify financial data points, tracing them back to the original source documents. GFD is the original supplier of complete historical data.