Events in Time Anniversaries: August 2019

25 years ago: August 1994

S&P 500: 475.49 (vs. 2918.65 in 08/2019) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 7.19% (vs. 1.74% in 08/2019) Gold: $385.75 (vs. $1497.35 in 08/2019) Oil: $17.595 (vs. $54.41 in 08/2019) GBP/USD: 1.5345 (vs. 1.2022 in 08/2019) US GDP: $7,247 billion (vs. $21,338 billion in 06/2019) US Population: 260 million (vs. 328 million in 2019) 08/02/1994: First Chechen War: The leader of the Russian-backed Provisional Council of the Chechen Republic announced his intention to overthrow the Dudaev government. 08/15/1994: The Bosnia New Dinar replaced the Bosnia Dinar at the rate of 1 Bosnia New Dinar equal to 10,000 Bosina Dinar. 08/16/1994: The Federal Reserve pushes up short-term interest rates by one-half percentage point. Many big banks raise their prime lending rates in response. 08/24/1994: Initial accord between Israel and the PLO about partial self-rule of the Palestinians on the West Bank. 08/30/1994: Lockheed and Martin Marietta agree to merge in plan valued at more than $10 billion. 08/31/1994: The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire.  

50 years ago: August 1969

S&P 500: 95.51 (vs. 2918.65 in 08/2019) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.83% (vs. 1.74% in 08/2019) Gold: $40.86 (vs. $1497.35 in 08/2019) Oil: $3.21 (vs. $54.41 in 08/2019) GBP/USD: 2.3812 (vs. 1.2022 in 08/2019) US GDP: $1,009 billion (vs. $21,338 billion in 06/2019) US Population: 205 million (vs. 328 million in 2019) 08/04/1969:  Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, American representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually fail. 08/08/1969: At a zebra crossing in London, photographer Iain Macmillan takes the photo that becomes the cover of the Beatles album Abbey Road. 08/09/1969: Followers led by Charles Manson murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men's hairstylist Jay Sebring and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent. A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson's cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca. 08/13/1969:  The Apollo 11 astronauts are released from a three-week quarantine to enjoy a ticker tape parade in New York, New York. That evening, at a state dinner in Los Angeles, California, they are awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by U.S. President Richard Nixon. 08/14/1969: Operation Banner: British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland. 08/15/1969: Woodstock rock and roll concert opens. 08/28/1969: Florida East Coast Industries Inc. (formerly Florida East Coast Railway Co.) added to the Dow Jones Transportation Average  

100 years ago: August 1919

S&P 500: 8.765 (vs. 2918.65 in 08/2019) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 4.78% (vs. 1.74% in 08/2019) Gold: $20.67 (vs. $1497.35 in 08/2019) Oil: $4.00 (vs. $54.41 in 08/2019) GBP/USD: 4.2 (vs. 1.2022 in 08/2019) US GDP: $84 billion (vs. $21,338 billion in 06/2019) US Population: 104 million (vs. 328 million in 2019) 08/07/1919: Discount houses raise their rate for deposits at notice to 3 1/4 percent, but the banks made no change in their published rates. Revised figures of  cash applications to Funding Loan and Victory Bonds issued. Amount subscribed to Funding Loan, 287,956,000; Victory Bonds, 286,748,000. 08/11/1919: Andrew Carnegie dies. The constitution of the Weimar Republic is adopted. 08/14/1919: The Romanian army left the Hungarian capital, Budapest. Admiral Mikls Horthy stepped into the power vacuum with the army of the Krolyi government. 08/19/1919: Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom. 08/23/1919: Treasury restrictions on movement of capital withdrawn. American exchange quoted at $4.10 to the 1. 08/25/1919: Polish-Soviet War: After its total occupation by Polish forces, the Lithuanian-Byelorussian SSR was dissolved. 08/31/1919: United States Public debt hits $26,600,000,000. $240 per Capita.  

200 years ago: August 1819

S&P 500: 1.5668 (vs. 2918.65 in 08/2019) 10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 4.545% (vs. 1.74% in 08/2019) Gold: $19.39 (vs. $1497.35 in 08/2019) GBP/USD: 4.48 (vs. 1.2022 in 08/2019) US GDP: $727 million (vs. $21,338 billion in 06/2019) US Population: 9.379 million (vs. 328 million in 2019) 08/06/1819: Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States. 08/07/1819: Battle of Boyac  Known in Colombia as Battle of Boyac Bridge. (Batalla del puente de Boyac) Simn Bolvar and his brigadier generals Francisco de Paula Santander and Jose Antonio Anzotegui defeat and capture royalist Colonel Jose Maria Barreiro in the battle sealing the independence of Nueva Granada, now Colombia. 08/16/1819:  Peterloo Massacre: Seventeen people die and over 600 are injured in cavalry charges at a public meeting at St. Peter's Field, Manchester, England. 08/17/1819: New Zealand's second mission station is established, at Kerikeri, when Rev Marsden, John Butler, Francis Hall and William Hall mark out the site which was previously visited by Marsden in 1815.

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