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Events in Time Anniversaries: January 2021

25 years ago: January 1996

S&P 500: 636.02 (vs. 3694.62 in 01/2021)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 5.60% (vs. 0.92% in 01/2021)

Gold: $405.55 (vs. $1831.15 in 01/2021)

Oil: $17.755 (vs. $40.84 in 01/2021)

GBP/USD: 1.5125 (vs. 1.3317 in 01/2021)

US GDP: $7,683 billion (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 269 million (vs. 333 million in 2021)

01/02/1996: AT&T plans to eliminate 40,000 jobs over three years and take a $4 billion charge in one of the largest staff restructurings in U.S. corporate history.

01/03/1996: The Motorola StarTAC, the first flip phone and one of the first mobile phones to gain widespread consumer adoption, goes on sale.

01/08/1996: An Antonov An-32 cargo aircraft crashes into a crowded market in Kinshasa, Zaire, killing up to 237 on the ground; the aircraft's crew of 6 survive the crash.

01/09/1996: Chechen separatists launch a raid against the helicopter airfield and later a civilian hospital in the city of Kizlyarin the neighboring Dagestan, which turns into a massive hostage crisis involving thousands of civilians.

01/16/1996: Andreas Papandreou, hospitalized with advanced heart disease and kidney failure since November 1995, retires from office.

01/24/1996:  Wells Fargo wins the battle to acquire First Interstate, besting First Bank in a $11.6 billion pact that ranks as the largest U.S. bank merger.

01/27/1996: In a military coup Colonel Ibrahim Bar Manassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane.

01/29/1996: President Jacques Chirac announces a "definitive end" to French nuclear weapons testing.

01/31/1996: An explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in Colombo, Sri Lanka killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.

 

50 years ago: January 1971

S&P 500: 95.88 (vs. 3694.62 in 01/2021)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.09% (vs. 0.92% in 01/2021)

Gold: $38.05 (vs. $1831.15 in 01/2021)

Oil: $3.41 (vs. $40.84 in 01/2021)

GBP/USD: 2.4174 (vs. 1.3317 in 01/2021)

US GDP: $1,086 billion (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 211 million (vs. 333 million in 2021)

01/02/1971: The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic association football (soccer) match.

01/04/1971: First Penn Banking & Trust Co. cut prime rate. Other banks accepted prime rate cut. Federal Reserve lowered discount rate. Big Board governors approved increase in Exchange's Special Trust Fund to $75 million from $55 million.

01/12/1971: All in the Family The famous situation comedy premieres on CBS. The Harrisburg Seven: Reverend Philip Berrigan and five others are indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C.

01/15/1971: Evidence that Government would shore up economy, plus prime rate cut, pushed Dow Averages to new highs.

01/25/1971: Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda's president. Charles Manson and three female "Family" members are found guilty of the 1969Tate-LaBianca murders.

01/29/1971: NYSE weekly volume topped 100 million shares for first time.

01/31/1971: Apollo 14 Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.

 

100 years ago: January 1921

S&P 500: 7.094 (vs. 3694.62 in 01/2021)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 5.23% (vs. 0.92% in 01/2021)

Gold: $20.67 (vs. $1831.15 in 01/2021)

Oil: $5.775 (vs. $40.84 in 01/2021)

GBP/USD: 3.8325 (vs. 1.3317 in 01/2021)

US GDP: $84 billion (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 108.5 million (vs. 333 million in 2021)

01/03/1921: British-American Continental Bank suspends payment. Conference on export credit schemes between President of Board of Trade and representative bankers. Treasury announces that Lord Chalmers will shortly leave for U.S.A. to discuss debt problems.

01/09/1921: Greco-Turkish War: The First Battle of Inn, the first battle of the war, begins near Eskiehirin Anatolia.

01/12/1921: Acting to restore confidence in baseball after the Black Sox Scandal, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis is elected as Major League Baseball's first commissioner.

01/20/1921: The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.

01/22/1921: Supreme Council meets in Paris. Text of Draft Trade Agreement with Russia issued. New Zealand bank overdraft rate raised from 6 to 6 1/2 percent.

01/28/1921: Bautista Saavedra became President of Bolivia

01/31/1921: Chancellor of the Exchequer announces at Birmingham proposed abolition of Excess Profits Duty. Reichstag discusses Allied Note on Reparations.

 

200 years ago: January 1821

S&P 500/GFD US-100: 1.6797 (vs. 3694.62 in 01/2021)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 4.286% (vs. 0.92% in 01/2021)

Gold: $19.39 (vs. $1831.15 in 01/2021)

GBP/USD: 4.6062 (vs. 1.3317 in 01/2021)

US GDP: $727 million (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 9.939 million (vs. 333 million in 2021)

01/08/1821: Congress of Leyback. Austrian army occupied Naples.

01/26/1821: The national assembly opens on 26 January and on 9 March adopts a liberal parliamentary constitution (ratified 1822), inspired by the recent liberal advances in Spain, notably the 1812 Constitution of Cadiz. Metropolitan Portugal demands the return of Joao VI to Lisbon. Joao VI advises his son, Pedro, to declare the independence of Brazil and become its emperor, to ensure its continued rule by the Bragana dynasty.

01/28/1821: Alexander Island is first discovered by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen.

 

© 2021 Global Financial Data. Please feel free to redistribute this Events-in-Time Chronology and credit Global Financial Data as the source.

Events in Time Anniversaries: December 2020

25 years ago: December 1995

S&P 500: 615.93 (vs. 3694.62 in 12/2020)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 5.58% (vs. 0.92% in 12/2020)

Gold: $387.00 (vs. $1831.15 in 12/2020)

Oil: $19.54 (vs. $40.84 in 12/2020)

GBP/USD: 1.55 (vs. 1.3317 in 12/2020)

US GDP: $7,683 billion (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 266 million (vs. 331 million in 2020)

12/05/1995: The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of the Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.

12/07/1995: Clinton looks to raise revenue through changes in corporate tax laws, such as eliminating 100-year bonds. The Galileo spacecraft arrives at Jupiter, a little more than six years after it was launched by Space Shuttle Atlantis during Mission STS-34.

12/13/1995: The Dow Jones Industrials cross 5200 and set their 69th record of the year, closing at 5216.47, up 41.55.

12/14/1995: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by the leaders of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

12/19/1995: The Federal Reserve cuts short-term interest rates by a quarter percentage point, citing favorable inflation trends. American Airlines Flight 965, a Boeing 757, crashes into a mountain 50km north of Cali, Colombia killing 159.

12/26/1995: Congress overrides Clinton's veto of a bill curbing securities-fraud lawsuits against companies. S&P lowers the debt ratings on four of Japan's strongest money-center banks.

 

50 years ago: December 1970

S&P 500: 92.15 (vs. 3694.62 in 12/2020)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.50% (vs. 0.92% in 12/2020)

Gold: $37.375 (vs. $1831.15 in 12/2020)

Oil: $3.41 (vs. $40.84 in 12/2020)

GBP/USD: 2.3938 (vs. 1.3317 in 12/2020)

US GDP: $1,086 billion (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 209 million (vs. 331 million in 2020)

12/01/1970: Luis Echeverria became President of Mexico

12/02/1970: The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.

12/07/1970: Pakistani general election, 1970 were held on 7 December 1970, although the polls in East Pakistan, originally scheduled for October, were delayed by disastrous floods and rescheduled for later in December and January 1971.

12/09/1970: OPEC meeting in Caracas establishes 55 percent as minimum tax rate and demands that posted prices be changed to reflect changes in foreign exchange rates.

12/10/1970: Indicated end to abortive rail strike enabled resumption of uptrend, with DJI at new high closing for year.

12/15/1970: The South Korean ferry Namyong Ho capsizes in the Korea Strait, killing over 300 people. Soviet spacecraft Venera 7successfully lands on Venus. It is the first successful soft landing on another planet

12/23/1970: The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York, New York is topped out at 1,368 feet (417m), making it the tallest building in the world.

12/30/1970: Nixon signed Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970 into law.

 

100 years ago: December 1920

S&P 500: 6.8118 (vs. 3694.62 in 12/2020)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 5.40% (vs. 0.92% in 12/2020)

Gold: $20.67 (vs. $1831.15 in 12/2020)

Oil: $6.10 (vs. $40.84 in 12/2020)

GBP/USD: 3.525 (vs. 1.3317 in 12/2020)

US GDP: $84 billion (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 106.46 million (vs. 329 million in 2020)

12/01/1920: J.P. Morgan & Co. buys control of GM ($80 million). Durant resigned as General Motors' president. Alvaro Obregon (Mexican Laborist) became President of Mexico

12/02/1920: Following more than a month of Turkish-Armenian War, the Turkish dictated Treaty of Alexandropolis concluded.

12/09/1920: Michael Hainisch (Non-Partisan) became President of Austria

12/11/1920: In retaliation for an IRA ambush, British forces burn and loot numerous buildings in Cork city. Many civilians also reported being beaten, shot at, robbed and verbally abused by British forces.

12/16/1970: The Haiyuan earthquake, magnitude 8.5, rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000.

12/19/1920: King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander of Greece and a plebiscite.

12/21/1920: Ford slashed prices of the Model T from $575 to $440,

12/22/1920: The GOELRO economic development plan is adopted by the 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR.

 

200 years ago: December 1820

S&P 500/GFD US-100: 1.654 (vs. 3694.62 in 12/2020)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 4.317% (vs. 0.92% in 12/2020)

Gold: $19.39 (vs. $1831.15 in 12/2020)

GBP/USD: 4.6232 (vs. 1.3317 in 12/2020)

US GDP: $727 million (vs. $21,157 billion in 09/2020)

US Population: 9.6 million (vs. 331 million in 2020)

12/31/1820: The Columbian College, under the Baptists, founded at Washington, D.C

 

 

© 2020 Global Financial Data. Please feel free to redistribute this Events-in-Time Chronology and credit Global Financial Data as the

Regional Stock Markets in the United States

Regional Stock Markets in the United States

Today there are only two stock exchanges in the United States, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the NASDAQ.  The NYSE Amex LLC is owned by the NYSE.  This wasn’t the case 225 years ago or 100 years.  There have been dozens of exchanges that have existed in the United States over the past 200 years.

A New Index of the American Stock Exchange

A New Index of the American Stock Exchange

The AMEX has generally been ignored by investors, but this article attempts to redress that neglect.

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Our comprehensive financial databases span global markets offering data never compiled into an electronic format. We create and generate our own proprietary data series while we continue to investigate new sources and extend existing series whenever possible. GFD supports full data transparency to enable our users to verify financial data points, tracing them back to the original source documents. GFD is the original supplier of complete historical data.