25 years ago: July 1994

S&P 500: 458.26 (vs. 2979.63 in 07/2019)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 7.12% (vs. 2.07% in 07/2019)

Gold: $384 (vs. $1391.55 in 07/2019)

Oil: $20.305 (vs. $57.57 in 07/2019)

GBP/USD: 1.5435 (vs. 1.2465 in 07/2019)

US GDP: $7,246 billion (vs. $21,062 billion in 03/2019)

US Population: 260 million (vs. 328 million in 2019)

07/01/1994: The Brazil Real replaced the Brazil Cruzeiro Real at the rate of 1 Brazil Real equal to 2750 Brazil Cruzeiros Real. The Uzbekistan Som replaced the Coupon Som with 1 Som equal to 1000 Coupon Som.

07/04/1994: Rwandan Genocide: Kigali, the Rwandan capital, is captured by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, ending the genocide in the city.

07/05/1994: Under threat of economic sanctions, China cracks down on copyright violators.

07/16/1994: Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 collides with Jupiter. Impacts continue until July 22.

07/18/1994: The bombing of the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina (Argentine Jewish Community Center) in Buenos Aires kills 85 people (mostly Jewish) and injures 300.

07/20/1994: Alexander Lukashenko (Independent) became President of Belarus

07/25/1994: Israel and Jordan sign the Washington Declaration, that formally ends the state of war that had existed between the nations since 1948.

 

50 years ago: July 1969

S&P 500: 91.83 (vs. 2979.63 in 07/2019)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 6.66% (vs. 2.07% in 07/2019)

Gold: $41.39 (vs. $1391.55 in 07/2019)

Oil: $3.21 (vs. $57.57 in 07/2019)

GBP/USD: 2.3903 (vs. 1.2465 in 07/2019)

US GDP: $1,009 billion (vs. $21,062 billion in 03/2019)

US Population: 205 million (vs. 328 million in 2019)

07/03/1969: The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N-1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.

07/07/1969: New York Exchanges returned to longer sessions (closings extended to 2:30 P.M.

07/14/1969: The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.

07/14/1969: After Honduras loses a soccer match against El Salvador, riots break out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.

07/18/1969: After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies.

07/20/1969: Apollo 11’s crew successfully makes the first landing on the Moon in the Sea of Tranquility. Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to walk on the Moon later that day. Markets were closed on July 21 to celebrate the moon landing.

07/25/1969: U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This is the start of the “Vietnamization” of the war.

 

100 years ago: July 1919

S&P 500: 9.506 (vs. 2979.63 in 07/2019)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 4.72% (vs. 2.07% in 07/2019)

Gold: $20.67 (vs. $1391.55 in 07/2019)

Oil: $3.21 (vs. $57.57 in 07/2019)

GBP/USD: 4.355 (vs. 1.2465 in 07/2019)

US GDP: $84 billion (vs. $21,062 billion in 03/2019)

US Population: 104 million (vs. 328 million in 2019)

07/06/1919: The British dirigible R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship. The British airship R34 landed in Norfolk, England on July 13, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.

07/07/1919: Peace with Germany signed at Versailles. The Czechoslovak army reoccupied its territory and dissolved the Slovak Soviet Republic.

07/17/1919: Trade restrictions return in the United States. Luxury imports restricted by Britain.

07/21/1919: The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express crashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago, Illinois, killing 12 people.

07/23/1919: Victory Loan subscription lists closed. Treasury Bill sales resumed. Income-tax concessions announced.

07/27/1919: The Chicago Race Riot erupts after a racial incident occurred on a South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and 537 injuries over a five-day period.

07/31/1919: Communications industries returned to private control by Government. German national assembly adopts the Weimar Constitution, which comes into force on August 14.

 

200 years ago: July 1819

S&P 500: 1.5354 (vs. 2979.63 in 07/2019)

10-year U.S. Government Bond Yield: 4.54% (vs. 2.07% in 07/2019)

Gold: $19.39 (vs. $1391.55 in 07/2019)

GBP/USD: 4.44 (vs. 1.2465 in 07/2019)

US GDP: $727 million (vs. $21,062 billion in 03/2019)

US Population: 9.379 million (vs. 328 million in 2019)

07/03/1819: The Bank of Savings in New York City, the first savings bank in the United States, opens.

07/25/1819: Vargas Swamp Battle in Colombia. Simon Bolivar defended Venezuela against Spanish forces.